The ships received a new type designation of CLAA in 1949. With 8 dual 5 inch/38 caliber (127 mm) gun mounts (8x2 5-inch guns), the first run of Atlanta-class cruisers had by far the heaviest anti-aircraft armament of any cruiser of World War II. Oakland group (CL 95-99) His ship was badly battered, largely powerless, down by the head and listing slightly to port, and a third of his crew was dead or missing. 1.1 in guns, Bofors 40 mm and the Oerlikon 20 mm rapid-fire cannons). Atlanta was heavily damaged by Japanese and friendly gunfire in a night surface action on 13 November 1942 during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. The Atlanta (CL-51) was scuttled after receiving a torpedo hit and heavy gunfire damage from IJN surface warships and USS San Francisco (CA-38) on 13 November 1942 during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. The Atlanta-class cruisers were eight United States Navy light cruisers designed as fast scout cruisers or flotilla leaders but that proved to be effective anti-aircraft cruisers during World War II.They were also known as the Atlanta-Oakland class.The four Oakland and later ships had slightly different armament as they were further optimized for anti-aircraft fire. navsource.org. The Baltimore-class cruisers were a large class of heavy cruisers in the United States Navy commissioned during and shortly after World War II. Time left: d. h. m. s. day. "U.S. Cruisers: an illustrated design history". Over the next 11 minutes, Atlanta's 5 in (127 mm), 1.1 in (27.9 mm) and 20 mm batteries contributed to the barrage over Enterprise, as the light cruiser conformed to Enterprise's every move as she maneuvered violently to avoid the dive bombers. Nice looking cruiser. Hull is about 13" long and board is about 14 1/4" long. [3], Atlanta was fitted with eight twin 5-inch gun mounts, placed in a unique configuration. Atlanta participated as an anti-aircraft cruiser in the decisive American victory at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 before she was sent south to fight in th… Reaching the waters off Lunga Point on the morning of 30 October, Atlanta embarked Marine liaison officers at 0550, and then steamed west, commencing her bombardment of Point Cruz at 0629 while the destroyers formed a column astern. On 27 October, when I-15 attacked TF 64, the force maneuvered at high speed to clear the area. USS Atlanta (CL-51) of the United States Navy was the lead ship of the Atlanta class of eight light cruisers.She was the third Navy ship named after the city of Atlanta, Georgia.Designed to provide anti-aircraft protection for US naval task groups, Atlanta served in this capacity in the naval battles Midway and the Eastern Solomons. Drydocked on 1–2 July so that her bottom could be scraped, cleaned and painted, the cruiser completed her availability on 6 July and then resumed a busy schedule of gunnery practice with drone targets, high-speed sleds, and in shore bombardment in the Hawaiian operating area. They were also known as the Atlanta / Oakland -class. Although very formidable as anti-aircraft ships, the Atlanta-class cruisers did not fare well in surface combat. The first purpose built anti-aircraft cruiser was the British Dido class, completed shortly … The cruiser was sunk on her captain's orders in the afternoon of the same day. Meanwhile, Akatsuki drifted out of the action and soon sank with heavy loss of life. Intended to serve as destroyer flotilla leaders, four ‘Atlanta’ class light cruisers were authorised during the US Navy’s accelerated build-up in the period before World War II. At 1530, the cruiser worked up to 20 knots (23 mph; 37 km/h) as TF 16 stood roughly north-northwestward "to close [the] reported enemy carrier group." Time left: 6d 11h . World of Warships - USS Atlanta … In terms of armament, the Atlanta class was closer to a destroyer, being armed with 5-inch guns, than a light cruiser, which were generally equipped with 6-inch guns; but at well over 500 feet (152 m) in length, and combined with their large battery of sixteen 5-inch (127 mm) guns (reduced to twelve in number for later ships of the class), they were designated as light cruisers. The Atlanta-class design was also criticized for its shortage of gunfire directors for the main 5-inch gun battery, which reduced its effectiveness. [2], The ships were originally designed for 26 officers and 523 men, but this increased to 35 officers and 638 men with the first four ships, and 45 officers and 766 men with the second group of four ships beginning with Oakland. The cruiser was sunk on her capt… One "Betty", crippled by antiaircraft fire, crashed into the after superstructure of San Francisco, inflicting the only damage on the force. The Pensacola class - Duration: 7:40. navyreviewer 16,945 views. Today, the United States Navy has the most cruisers with 22 Ticonderoga-class vessels in service. All eight ships in this class served during World War II, and six ships survived the war. Atlanta Photograph Collection, 1942, List of cruisers of the United States Navy, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in November 1942, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=USS_Atlanta_(CL-51)&oldid=988180872, World War II cruisers of the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 16:25. However, they did manage to dive one of the two other, deepest diveable wrecks; the Japanese transport Azumasan Maru, which is almost 90 m (295 ft) deep at the stern and Sasako Maru, which Denlay dived in 1995 at over 90 m (295 ft) in the collapsed debris field of the bridge. [3], Daylight revealed the presence nearby of three burning American destroyers, the disabled Portland, and the abandoned hulk of Yūdachi, which Portland summarily dispatched with three salvoes. An additional, unidentified assailant also opened up on the light cruiser from the northeast. 12 × 5 in (127 mm)/38 cal guns But the Brooklyns defined a brand new standard in term of cruiser developement, paving the way for the future Clevelands, Whichita or Worcester, the most obvious part being the very specific straight hull and almost squared stem. shell a distance of 21,500 meters (23,292 yards). St. Louis class; Atlanta class; Succeeded by: Fargo class: In commission: 1942–79: Planned: 52: Completed: 27: Cancelled: 3 (9 converted to aircraft carriers, 13 reordered as Fargo class) Retired: 27: Preserved: 1 (converted to a Galveston-class guided missile cruiser) General characteristics ; Type: Light cruiser: Displacement: 11,744 long tons (11,932 t) (standard) Anchoring at Nukuʻalofa, Tonga on 24 July, where she fueled Maury and then took on fuel from Mobilube, the light cruiser pushed on later the same day and overtook TF 16. The La Galissonniere class of six cruisers represented the best French light cruiser design. She reached Cristobal on 8 April. As the battle continued, the light cruiser's men began clearing debris, jettisoning topside weight to correct the list, reducing the volume of sea water in the ship, and succoring the many wounded. [11], Atlanta was awarded five battle stars for her World War II service and a Presidential Unit Citation for her "heroic example of invincible fighting spirit" in the battle off Guadalcanal on 13 November 1942. [7][8][9][10][11][12], List of cruisers of the United States Navy, United States naval ship classes of World War II, Friedman, Norman (1984). Juneau opened fire at 1412. Admiral Callaghan's support group was to "cover [the retiring transports and cargo vessels] against enemy attack." Due to the uniqueness of the Alaska-class design, these ships were not classified “CA” as typical for heavy cruisers, but instead “CB” for large cruiser.Also, as a nod to their not-quite-battleship, not-quite-cruiser roots, instead of being named after US states or cities, the ships were named after US territories with the USS Alaska (CB-1) being the first. A little over an hour later, at 1050, Atlanta received word of another incoming Japanese air raid. The Navy has 22 Ticonderoga-class cruisers (CG-52 through CG-73) in active service, as of the end of 2015. At 1637, with unidentified planes approaching, Atlanta went to 25 knots (29 mph; 46 km/h). Atlanta, drifting toward the enemy-held shore east of Cape Esperance, dropped her starboard anchor, and her captain sent a message to Portland explaining the light cruiser's condition. She then proceeded, in company with her screen, to Espiritu Santo, where she arrived on the afternoon of 31 October. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. [3], On 15 July 1942, Atlanta, again in TF 16, sailed for Tongatapu. At 0905, the task group received a report that nine bombers and 12 fighters were approaching from the northwest, and would reach their vicinity at about 0930. [3], On 12 November, Atlanta was still off Lunga Point, screening the unloading, as part of TF 67 under Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan in San Francisco. As Jenkins, who was later awarded a Navy Cross for his heroism during the battle, later wrote, "It was by now apparent that efforts to save the ship were useless, and that the water was gaining steadily." Atlanta participated as an anti-aircraft cruiser in the decisive American victory at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 before she was sent south to fight in the Solomon Islands. Profile USS Brooklyn off Mare Island NyD 1942 -Cdts. During this period, the USN tested and operated no less than six cruiser types: The scout cruiser (Omaha class), the AA cruiser (Atlanta class, 5-in DP guns), the light cruiser (up to the Worcester, arguably “heavy-light”, but with 6-in guns), the heavy cruiser (from Pensacola to Des Moines, 8-in guns), and even the “large cruiser” (Alaska class, 12-in guns). 8 x 40 mm/56 cal anti-aircraft guns [3], Atlanta again sailed with TF 16 on the morning of 28 May. Once the last Japanese plane had been splashed, the work of unloading the transports and cargo ships resumed. None of this ships were recommissioned to serve in an active role; all were ultimately struck and scrapped by 1970. She was the fourth Navy ship named after the city of Atlanta, Georgia. Atlanta was commissioned at the New York Navy Yard on 24 December 1941, just a few weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor of 7 December. [3], Bobolink arrived at 09:30 on 13 November, took Atlanta under tow, made harder by the cruiser's still lowered anchor, and headed toward Lunga Point. TF 16 arrived at Pearl on 26 May. Typical destroyers of the time only carried five or six 5-inch guns. [3], On the morning of 28 October, Atlanta brought on board Rear Admiral Norman Scott from San Francisco, and became the flagship of the newly designated TG 64.2. Becoming part of TF 17 on 23 September, the light cruiser was detached the following day to proceed in company with Washington, Walke and Benham to Tongatapu, which she reached on 26 September. The ship was smaller, lighter, and faster than your normal cruiser and was given a large compliment of smaller arms specifically designed for anti-aircraft operations. While faring well against Japanese cruisers in gunnery duels, US cruisers had experienced heavy losses from Japanese d… Her firing arcs were ideally suited to bringing her guns to bear on an aircraft, however, with a minimum of six guns available from any angle. Over the days that followed, she screened the carriers as they operated northeast of Midway in anticipation of the enemy's arrival. Unfortunately, strong ocean currents and poor visibility prevented the expedition from thoroughly exploring Atlanta. At about 1310, Atlanta received a warning that 25 enemy planes were headed for Guadalcanal, slated to arrive within 50 minutes. [3] Atlanta was not damaged in the engagement. Though the cruiser’s heyday has come and gone, there’s a chance they’ll make a comeback. 7:40. The cruiser and her consorts continued to screen those ships, designated TG 62.4, as they lay off Lunga Point on 12 November unloading supplies and disembarking troops.[3]. The ‘Atlanta’ class ships with 5-in (127-mm) guns were the middleweights of the type, saw widespread service in World War II and were built in larger numbers. Michiharu Shinya, Akatsuki's Chief Torpedo Officer, one of her few survivors, was rescued the next day by US forces and spent the rest of the war in a New Zealand prisoner of war camp. Atlanta was commissioned at the New York Navy Yard on 24 December 1941, just a few weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor of 7 December. 16 × 5 in (127 mm)/38 cal guns [10] Since then, very few dives have been conducted on Atlanta, although in May 2011 a very experienced deep diving team from Global Underwater Explorers successfully videoed the wreck for documentary purposes, the first survey of the wreck since Denlay's expeditions up to 1998. In 1994, two Australian technical divers Rob Cason and Kevin Denlay travelled to Solomon Islands with the intention of being the first scuba divers to dive Atlanta but this was unsuccessful because of the lack of a suitable surface support vessel and strong surface currents; this was also the first mixed gas scuba diving expedition to Guadalcanal. White circles show AA guns. However, on the final expedition that year, the then deepest wreck dive by a woman was made by Kevin's wife, Mirja, on Atlanta. As the range closed, Atlanta's surface search radar, followed by her gunnery radars, picked up a contact on the enemy ships. The Oakland and later ships had slightly different armament as they were further optimized for anti-aircraft fire. USS Atlanta (CL-51) of the United States Navy was the lead ship of the Atlanta class of eight light cruisers. Sorry, I love the pictures. Overall command rested with RADM Richmond K. Turner. Finding none, she ultimately reached Pearl Harbor on 23 April. 16 × 1.1 in (27 mm)/75 cal guns Cruiser World War II Ship Models Shop online for 43 cruiser world war ii ship models at discounts up to 21%. After fueling from Washington, Atlanta, screened by four destroyers, headed northwest to shell Japanese positions on Guadalcanal. [3], The wreck of USS Atlanta was discovered in 1992 by an expedition led by Dr. Robert Ballard using a remotely operated underwater vehicle, (ROV). [4], As two other Japanese destroyers crossed her line, Atlanta engaged both with her forward 5-inch (127 mm) mounts, while her after mounts continued to blast away at the illuminated ship. Vintage 1/500 scale original teacher ID recognition model USS Atlanta Class Cruiser by Comet. She had three forward mounts and three aft mounts, mounted inline and increasing in height toward the midships, giving her a symmetrical appearance, with a "gap" in the middle superstructure. The Atlanta-class light cruisers were a class of eight American People's Navy light cruisers originally designed as fast scout cruisers or flotilla leaders, but later proved to be effective anti-aircraft cruisers during World War II. The Atlanta-class cruisers were the only class of U.S. Navy cruisers commissioned during World War II to be armed with torpedoes tubes, with eight 21" torpedo tubes in two quad launchers. [3], Reaching her destination on 13 June, Atlanta, outside brief periods of antiaircraft practice on 21 and 25–26 June, remained in port, taking on stores and provisions and standing on 24-hour and then 48-hour alert into July 1942. ISBN, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II cruisers of the United States, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s4/san_diego-ii.htm, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s15/son_juan-ii.htm, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/o1/oakland-ii.htm, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/r4/reno-ii.htm, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/f3/flint.htm, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/t9/tucson.htm, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Atlanta-class_cruiser?oldid=2622876, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 6,000 tons (standard); 7,400 tons (loaded), 32.5 knots (60 km/h)(design), 33.6 knots (62 km/h) (trials), 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h). [3], Accordingly, all remaining men except the captain and a demolition party boarded Higgins boats sent out from Guadalcanal for the purpose. [3] At about that time, at least one torpedo plowed into Atlanta's forward engine room from the port side, fired almost certainly by either Inazuma or Ikazuchi[5] (Akatsuki's destroyer consorts). At about 1410, the Americans sighted the incoming raid, consisting of what appeared to be 25 twin-engined bombers ("Bettys") which broke up into two groups after clearing Florida Island, and came in at altitudes that ranged from 25 to 50 ft (8 to 15 m). After the charge had been set and exploded, the last men left the battered ship. [6] He later stated unequivocally that Akatsuki had not been able to fire any torpedoes that night before being overwhelmed by gunfire. A Japanese surface force, made up of two battleships, one cruiser and six destroyers, was detected steaming south toward Guadalcanal to shell Henderson Field. 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